Baisakhi: A Major Festival of Hindu and Sikh Community
Baisakhi, which falls in the month of Vaishakh, is one of the major festivals of Sikhs, Hindus and Buddhists. Harvesting of ripe crop is started every year on this festival. This festival is celebrated in different places with different customs.
Vaishakh is the first day of the solar month and on this day people take bath in the Ganges river. On the festival of Baisakhi, there is a huge crowd in Haridwar and Rishikesh, that is, a fair is held. On the day of Baisakhi, people from far and wide come to Haridwar and Rishikesh and take bath in the Ganges.
Baisakhi is also celebrated as Vishuvat Sankranti. Traditionally, this festival is celebrated every year on 13-14th in the month of April.
Beliefs of Baisakhi
On 13 April 1699, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, Shri Gobind Singh, founded the Khalsa Panth during the Baisakhi festival. Only after that this day was given more importance and in Sikhs, the new year is started on this day.
This festival is also called Mesh Sankranti as the Sun enters Aries on this day.
The festival of Baisakhi originated from the state of Punjab, India. This festival is celebrated as the success of the start of the Rabi crop and the harvesting of wheat, oilseeds, sugarcane etc.
Importance of Baisakhi
Baisakhi is of great importance in Punjab as well as in Haryana and North India. Especially for the farmers, this day is very important because after this day the winter completely ends and the grain comes home after the harvest.
On this day people worship grains and in Punjab traditionally dance Bhangra and Gidda are performed, people gather to celebrate the new harvest, people gather in Gurudwaras and offer Ardas.
The special ceremony is performed at Anandpur Sahib as the foundation of the panth was laid there.